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Gautama Buddha Facts

Founder of Buddhism

  • Gautama Buddha's birth name is Siddhartha Gautama
  • He is the founder of the religion called Buddhism.
  • Buddha's father King Suddhodhana was the leader of Shakya clan
  • His mother is Queen Maha Maya. She was a Koliyan princess.
  • Gautama Buddha was born at Lumbini, in a garden beneath a sal tree when her mother was on her way from Kapilavastu to her father's kingdom
  • Siddhartha was brought up by his mother's younger sister, Maha Prajapati
  • Siddhartha married Yasodhara when he was 16. Yasodhara gave birth to a son Rahula.
  • Siddhartha spent 29 years as prince in Kapilavastu
  • Siddhartha left his palace when he was 29 to learn about the world, despite efforts by his father to shield him from learning about human sufferings.
  • Legends say that Siddhartha's cousin Devadatta tried to assassinate him more than once.
  • Hindus believe that Gautama Buddha was an avatar of the god Vishnu.
  • Chinese Taoist-Buddhists believe Buddha to be a reincarnation of Lao Tzu
    • The exact date of the birth of Gautama Buddha is unknown. According to historians, Buddha was born in 563 BCE or 623BCE at Lumbini, Nepal.
    • According to historians, Buddha died in 483 BCE or 543 BCE in Kushinagar when he was 80 years old.

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