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Buckingham Palace Facts

Official residence and office of the British monarch.

  • The Buckingham Palace is located in the City of Westminster.
  • It is the Queen's official London residence.
  • It was originally called Buckingham House.
  • It was built for the Duke of Buckingham in 1705 in a privately owned site.
  • The site where Buckingham Palace now stands was originally a mulberry garden planted by King James I (r. 1603-25) to rear silkworms.
  • The house was acquired by George III in 1761 as a private residence for Queen Charlotte and the building is renamed Queen's House.
  • It became the official house after the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837.
  • Buckingham House was transformed into Buckingham Palace in the 1820s by the architect John Nash for George IV.
  • Early day Buckingham Palace invitees used to have a dress code. The dress code was subsequently removed.
  • The Victoria Memorial was created by sculptor Sir Thomas Brock in 1911 and erected in front of the main gates at Buckingham Palace on a surround constructed by architect Sir Aston Webb.
  • Cleaning gravel courtyard of this palace is a ritual on the Christmas day.
  • The monarchy was the only one who was born and died at Buckingham Palace was Edward VII.
  • There is a flat metal in the garden to commemorate the death of PC Steve Robertson, a policeman who was at the gate of the Palace when it was bombed on March 8, 1941.
  • Buckingham Palace has 775 rooms. These include 19 State rooms, 52 Royal and guest bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices and 78 bathrooms.
  • Electricity was first installed in the Ball Room of Buckingham Palace in 1883.
  • Some rooms at Buckingham Palace have a Chinese theme.
  • Buckingham Palace's garden covers 40 acres, and includes a helicopter landing area, a lake, and a tennis court.
  • The palace has its own chapel, post office, swimming pool, staff cafeteria, doctor's surgery and cinema. Its postcode is SW1A 1AA.
  • More than 50,000 people visit the palace each year.
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